Armenian Cathedrals in Ukraine: The Author’s View

Armenian Cathedrals in Ukraine: The Author’s View

The world knows Armenia mostly for its church architecture, which has a great influence on the construction art of other countries, and vice versa.

In July 2019 the book “The Architecture of Cathedrals of Armenians in the Territory of Ukraine” was published in Ukraine, where the author tells about the buildings of Armenia and Ukraine, provides information in sketches, maps, tables and picture. Through the prism of architectural features, the book covers the history of Armenia and the Armenian Apostolic Church. “I was brought up in an atmosphere of respect for the history and culture of different nations, in particular for Armenia and Armenians”, tells the author of the book Maria Arsenyan. “I think that churches since ancient times were the focus of spiritual and cultural life of people. Due to historically unfavorable events (wars, etc.) Armenians had to migrate to other countries. And of course, the Armenian church played an important role in preserving the authenticity of the resettled Armenians.”

For her PhD scientific subject Maria Arsenyan chose a complex and voluminous theme “The architecture of the churches of Armenian communities in Ukraine of XI - XIX centuries”.

“Armenian architects had their influence not only on Ukrainian architecture, but also the architecture of other nations living on this territory. Based on the materials that I analyzed, the Armenians played an important role in the formation of the stone architecture in this region. In addition, it is important to note that many Armenian churches were originally wooden, and over time, were changed to stone. So it can be assumed that the Armenians also had a certain influence on the wooden temple architecture.

From the other hand, the architecture of Armenian colonies was of course influenced by the traditions, as well as the architectural styles of nations living nearby. To a greater extent, Armenian Uniate Churches (Armenian Catholic Church) were subject to the influence and use of non-characteristic elements in the Armenian classical temple architecture. For example, in these churches there were such interior elements like organ and cathedra, which was dictated by the Catholic canons.”